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Vecchio (2006 p 215) mentions that typically people who are physically closer to one another establish closer relationships than those are far apart. He includes that the principle of proximity not just true for work settings however also in relationship among neighbors. The cohesiveness can be describes as a function of team work. Group cohesion is specified as “the relation of specific group members to the group as a whole” (Schmuck & Schmuck, 2000).
A study conducted by Moshe & Maymon (1998) among the high school trainees concluded that the observers ranked the cohesiveness of a team as high (37.8%) when all group members complied so that their group would prosper in the competitors with other groups. A Gallup study of 400 business concluded that “the ability to form best friendship at work environment is among the twelve most reputable predictors of efficient work environment” (vecchio, 2006 p 219).
A research carried out by Stanley (1977, p 69) recommended that the positive finding in the case of real efficiency provides substantial confirmation to the prediction that high cohesiveness is associated with high between-group variability in performance requirements. Vecchio (2006, p 226) specifies 4 classifications of “effects of group cohesiveness”: 1) satisfaction 2) communication 3) hostility 4) productivity. Although hostility may be regular in high cohesive groups however such acts are directed towards non group members.
Professor Losh (2001) explains that extremely cohesive groups can impose group norms, whatever they are, much more effectively than less cohesive groups. Pressures to adhere (internal pressures) are greater. Since individuals value their membership in cohesive groups, they want to change their behavior to group requirements. Even if there is preliminary “storming” and dispute, if the group “gels,” a “norming” period follows and members conform. However, external pressures are higher too. Cohesive groups put more pressure on deviants to comply with group norms than less cohesive groups do.
Nevertheless, vecchio (2006, p 226) argues that although some scientists discovered that cohesive groups are really efficient, high group cohesiveness has specific bad outcomes. Regardless of the odds, team effort, which is thought about the outcome of high cohesiveness of members in a group, thought about to be the most effective methods in item advancement amongst the high tech industries. In reality, team work is extremely encouraged and a de facto culture for workplaces at Silicon Valley.
To obtain the most out of group work, project management and ideal leadership are important aspects. Unless group is effectively managed the resource could be squandered. Therefore, whether high cohesiveness in a group can lead to enhanced performance depends on how the group is handled. Uninspired staff member in a group with high cohesiveness might demoralized the whole team and cause decreased efficiency, on the contrary, the group with high cohesiveness, assuming it is properly handled and members are motivated workers, might perform miracle to some element http://www.ayna.af/index.php?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1523857 To my experience group with high cohesiveness that is correctly handled and having actually inspired members have solve technical as well business issue that might be otherwise challenging fix within sensible timeframe.
Vecchio, R.P, 2006. Organizational Behavior: Core Ideas. 6th ed. USA: Thomson Soth-Western <cited>19th August 2007]
Schmuck, R. A., & Schmuck, P. A., October 2002. Group Processes in the Class 8th edition. McGraw-Hill Humanities-Social Sciences & Languages. U.S.A. <Mentioned>19th August 2007]
Moshe Barak & Tsipora Maymon, 1998. Aspects of Teamwork: Observed in a Technological Job in Junior high school Schools. Journal of Technology Education. Vol 9. <online> Available from http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/JTE/v9n2/barak.html. <Mentioned>19th August 2007]
Losh, Susan Ph.D (2001). Group Processes: Overview of the material: 6 Cohesivness II. Florida State University. <online> Offered from http://edp5285-01.sp03.fsu.edu/Guide5.html <Cited>19th August 2007]
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